容易获得的afe, affordable water changes lives in Ugandan villages

Overview_TEXT

Overview

沿维多利亚湖乌干达农村渔村,没有容易获得安全用水。该湖是由工业废水污染,服用后会导致严重或致命的水传播的疾病。在2015年冰岛政府资助的一项为期4年的水,卫生与健康(WASH)项目,以帮助该地区。

冰岛collaborated with the local Buikwe district government, NGO Water Mission Uganda and Grundfos, the solution provider. For one part of the project, the team drilled boreholes for safe groundwater and installed piped water systems with solar-powered Grundfos AQtap water ATMs in 39 villages covering about 45,000 people. With this collaborative effort, after nearly two years the rate of sickness related to waterborne diseases is steadily falling.

In Bugoba village, the number of diarrhoea cases among all age groups has reduced 45% from 2017-2019. Among children under 5 years old, it has dramatically reduced by 65%. Additionally, village water committees are taking over operation of the water systems. Payments for the water go towards operation and maintenance to secure sustainable, long-term operation.

The situation

Bugoba村(人口10,000)坐落于布伊奎区维多利亚湖乌干达的山上的一个山谷。它需要大约一个小时的四轮驱动从城市神社到Bugoba在红壤和过去的甘蔗和木薯。该湖坐落在一个长期的,倾斜的山坡上的底部 - 大约从村里步行半小时。

当Annet Kasukya来到Bugoba她的丈夫渔民结婚,她成了许多妇女和女孩谁走下山坡路径,以填补20升的塑料桶与水的一个。然后她拖着他们回到家里做饭洗衣。

“起初我们以为水是不错的,因为我们习惯把它,” Annet Kasukya说。“那你病倒了,并认为这是可能的蚊子。在社会上,人们总是生病。我的邻居死于血吸虫病。他的胃肿。我们不知道,这是影响我们的湖水。”

Her first-born daughter Hanifa – now six years old – got severe diarrhoea. “We spent a lot of money trying to get her better,” Annet says. “She became so dehydrated. It almost took her life.”

一些村民认为,如果从更深伸到湖里他们取的水,这将是更清洁。这带来了其自身的危险,包括溺水和鳄鱼的危险。“湖泊是一点都不好,”她说。

There was a well, but it was a two-to-three-hour walk up the road in the other direction, and its water was not reliably safe. The other alternative was to buy water from local water vendors. They sold water in the village during the day for 500 Ugandan shillings (USD 0.15) per jerrycan.

“这是昂贵的。我们负担不起这笔钱,”她说。“我们在医疗上投入了很多关于我们的孩子,甚至自己当我们生病了。我们无法保存任何钱,可以帮助我们在我们的日常生活。

”The lake had once been a good source of water, but over time industrial development and population growth brought pollution, explains Kigongo Mathias, Buikwe District Chairperson. “The lakeside communities began seeing increasing waterborne diseases, deaths especially among children, high medical bills and declining productive working hours. This started a negative spiral of poverty and retarded growth in young children. This was not desirable to individual households and the district government.”

There was no NGO present in the area, and the newly created district of Buikwe did not have funds to drill boreholes and prepare water schemes.

冰岛介入

In 2015, the Iceland Embassy – based in Uganda’s capital city, Kampala – started researching the needs for starting a water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programme in Buikwe at the request of the district government.

莫里斯Ssebisubi,高级项目官员在使馆,确定了沿海岸线39层建立的村庄。从那里,顾问评估该地区。“他们发现的最大问题是,有没有干净,安全的水,”他说。“其次,没有卫生设施。一切都是随地大小便。该社区是实在太差了。”

For the water systems, the Iceland team started studying different options on the market. “We wanted something that could actually give us value for money, while ensuring that they had pumps, so that people would not stop having water, which is the blood of the community.”

球队在乌干达农村地区走访了几家不同的离网的供水系统。每个人都有其特定的挑战 - 就像那些用现金交易。“谁收集的钱,这些钱刚好消失。然后如果一个泵发生故障了一个18luck手机客户端下载星期,有人只是来,带着它,”他说。

Other projects would have water flowing for six months, but then the tap would go dry. One system in northern villages used a community management model, but the residents struggled with revenue management. “We did not want to make the same mistakes,” he says.


The solution: Grundfos Lifelink water system

它在莫里斯的球队在Kikondo参观了太阳能供电AQtap“水ATM” Buikwe附近的所有改变。“看着我们的图书,我们看到它已经运行了大约三年。每当我们会回到那里,我们会找到源头活水“。

水团乌干达,一个非政府组织,实施了与Kikondo水自动取款机系命的解决方案。冰岛与他们协商,并得出结论认为,最好的解决办法是新水方案与自动化水亭解决方案提供预付费,如格兰富AQtap解决方案连接。

冰岛政府已经确定了需要收集的水小额支付,以确保水系统的运行和维护资金。格兰富AQtap水ATM凭借其基于WaterCard,预支付和网上的水资源管理制度提供了这一点。

因此,冰岛提供美元670万的为期4年的洗涤程序,将在2019年缔结的资金中包括39个村庄服务4.5万人,人口24个钻孔;太阳能供电的,潜水格兰富SP泵和RSI太阳能逆变器;18luck手机客户端下载和在乡村107太阳能供电AQtaps。Bugoba是村庄之一。它在2017年有三个AQtaps。

The WASH programme also delivered sanitation facilities, rainwater harvesting schemes, training and more.

By 2020, the Buikwe District Local Government will receive full ownership of the systems. “The communities have to be able to run the systems themselves,” says Unnur Orradóttir Ramette, Ambassador of Iceland in Uganda. “It’s a low-cost system, more or less maintenance-free.”

How it works

First, the community tests the borehole water regularly to secure it is safe. After chlorination, the safe water is pumped into tanks by solar power. From there, gravity distributes the water through pipes to the Grundfos AQtap water ATMs. The AQtaps are located centrally in the villages.

The villagers can collect safe water for their households and small businesses at the water points at any time of day or night with pre-paid WaterCards. It costs 100 shillings for 20 litres of water – that is the equivalent of about USD 0.03/20 l.

“We wanted a solution that would be cash-free and that would ensure transparency in the running of the whole system,” says Unnur Orradóttir Ramette.

从交易和业务数据进行处理,并在网上公布,以及来自泵的运行数据。18luck手机客户端下载“这是非常容易转移的钱比别人我已经看到了AQtap系统,”莫里斯说Ssebisubi。“第二,你在网上管理一切。故障排除可以在网上完成。我们不需要叫任何人“。

水Mission Uganda’s Country Director Tom Kisubi says that the system’s financial management increases the project’s social sustainability. “We have a cashless transaction. Even as we speak, people are able to get credit onto their water cards. People don’t have to hold cash. That increases accountability. It increases financial management, and in the end, sustainability of the whole system.”

莫里斯Ssebisubi补充说,“所有的钱都在区集中,但人有WaterCards。在这里,我们有一个区正式用这些钱存入银行是一个帐户。每个人都可以看到它。这一切都被引导到一个人。与以前的系统,它被引导到不同的委员会和财务人员,而最终的结果是,一切都只是崩溃。随着AQtap,可追溯性已经真正改善。”

他说,其他大+ AQtap水自动取款机is its durability. “They have withstood the test of three years in these communities,” he says. “We haven’t had any issues. I always tell people, ‘These are the iPhones of water.’”

The outcome of safe water

在Bugoba所在村AQtaps已经运行了两年多,村民Annet Kasukya说,你可以看到一个区别 - 随处可见。“村里是那么干净。我们不再看到生病的人呕吐或拉肚子。人们已经学会了如何保持清洁。为了保持清洁,”她说。

“这种情况已经改变了很多,因为现在我们有淡水,”她接着说。“这水是可访问的。你可以把它无论是在夜间或早晨或中午。我能买得起100先令。我可以买20个升。这并不是说昂贵“。

She adds that now her family can save money on medicine and clinic visits, and her children can go to school. In Bugoba, local teachers say that the number of children enrolling in school has almost doubled after the villagers got access to safe water and sanitation.

根据2018年短短一年整个布伊奎区后,大使馆的初步数据,与水源性疾病患病率下降了7%。该地区还没有洗程序为所有的渔村2019点的数据。但在Bugoba,各年龄组腹泻病例数从二○一七年至2019年减少45%。在5岁以下的孩子,它已经减少了65%。

While the Iceland Embassy will do a full assessment of the project, initial figures show that safe water access in the district has grown to about 90% of the population, says Maurice Ssebisubi. “The aim is for total eradication of diarrhoea-related diseases in the villages by the end of 2019,” he says.

一个可持续发展的系统

The district chairman, Kigongo Mathias, says he used to spend a lot of time visiting sick residents on his tours of the villages. That has changed today. He is impressed by the news from the local clinics.

“They don’t have a lot of work! And if we look at the medical drug stocks , the consumption has gone so low. That saves the government a lot of money,” he says.

“如果我得到更多的钱,这是我的梦想,”他补充道。“为了使整个小区有这样的系统,这样我们就可以声明,此区在供水方面是非常安全的。”

大使UnnurOrradóttir拉米特(Ramette)说,可持续的范围超出这个WASH项目。“我们正在促进更健康,更好的教育,”大使说。“我们正在促进可持续发展目标 - 其中许多人,对安全和负担得起的饮水并非最不重要的可持续目标6号”。

“We want to be able to provide affordable and safe water to hundreds of millions of people on this Earth,” she says. “It takes a collective effort to reach that goal. We have found a solution that seems to be working very well.”

Topic:

社区供水

Location:

Bugoba village, Buikwe District, Uganda

Company:

冰岛驻华大使馆,非政府组织水团乌干达,乌干达布伊奎区政府

“水系统工作,” Kigongo马蒂亚斯,Buikwe,乌干达区主席说。他说,新的供水系统,格兰富AQtap水的自动取款机都带来了可持续的,食水供应钓鱼像Bugoba村庄。水源性疾病正在稳步下降。

“我们在医疗上投入了很多关于我们的孩子,甚至自己当我们生病了,” Annet Kasukya,在时间Bugoba村民格兰富系命水系统前说道。“我们不能存不下钱,可以帮助我们在我们的日常生活。”

莫里斯Ssebisubi,高级项目官员at the Iceland embassy in Uganda.

Bugoba villager Annet Kasukya uses her WaterCard (topped up with water credits) to buy 20 litres of water at a Grundfos AQtap water ATM.

Villagers fill jerrycans at one of the Grundfos AQtaps in Bugoba village.

由于水传播疾病的比率落在Bugoba,更多的本地孩子都能够上学和接受更好的教育。在这里,科学类查找昆虫在他们学校后面的字段。

“我们正在促进更健康,更好的教育,” UnnurOrradóttir拉米特(Ramette),乌干达冰岛大使,并在使用格兰富系命水系统的WASH项目的合伙人。

Bugoba村民在三个格兰富AQtap水自动取款机之一。

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