冰岛collaborated with the local Buikwe district government, NGO Water Mission Uganda and Grundfos, the solution provider. For one part of the project, the team drilled boreholes for safe groundwater and installed piped water systems with solar-powered Grundfos AQtap water ATMs in 39 villages covering about 45,000 people. With this collaborative effort, after nearly two years the rate of sickness related to waterborne diseases is steadily falling.
In Bugoba village, the number of diarrhoea cases among all age groups has reduced 45% from 2017-2019. Among children under 5 years old, it has dramatically reduced by 65%. Additionally, village water committees are taking over operation of the water systems. Payments for the water go towards operation and maintenance to secure sustainable, long-term operation.
Bugoba村（人口10,000）坐落于布伊奎区维多利亚湖乌干达的山上的一个山谷。它需要大约一个小时的四轮驱动从城市神社到Bugoba在红壤和过去的甘蔗和木薯。该湖坐落在一个长期的，倾斜的山坡上的底部 - 大约从村里步行半小时。
“起初我们以为水是不错的，因为我们习惯把它，” Annet Kasukya说。“那你病倒了，并认为这是可能的蚊子。在社会上，人们总是生病。我的邻居死于血吸虫病。他的胃肿。我们不知道，这是影响我们的湖水。”
Her first-born daughter Hanifa – now six years old – got severe diarrhoea. “We spent a lot of money trying to get her better,” Annet says. “She became so dehydrated. It almost took her life.”
There was a well, but it was a two-to-three-hour walk up the road in the other direction, and its water was not reliably safe. The other alternative was to buy water from local water vendors. They sold water in the village during the day for 500 Ugandan shillings (USD 0.15) per jerrycan.
”The lake had once been a good source of water, but over time industrial development and population growth brought pollution, explains Kigongo Mathias, Buikwe District Chairperson. “The lakeside communities began seeing increasing waterborne diseases, deaths especially among children, high medical bills and declining productive working hours. This started a negative spiral of poverty and retarded growth in young children. This was not desirable to individual households and the district government.”
There was no NGO present in the area, and the newly created district of Buikwe did not have funds to drill boreholes and prepare water schemes.
In 2015, the Iceland Embassy – based in Uganda’s capital city, Kampala – started researching the needs for starting a water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programme in Buikwe at the request of the district government.
For the water systems, the Iceland team started studying different options on the market. “We wanted something that could actually give us value for money, while ensuring that they had pumps, so that people would not stop having water, which is the blood of the community.”
球队在乌干达农村地区走访了几家不同的离网的供水系统。每个人都有其特定的挑战 - 就像那些用现金交易。“谁收集的钱，这些钱刚好消失。然后如果一个泵发生故障了一个18luck手机客户端下载星期，有人只是来，带着它，”他说。
Other projects would have water flowing for six months, but then the tap would go dry. One system in northern villages used a community management model, but the residents struggled with revenue management. “We did not want to make the same mistakes,” he says.
The solution: Grundfos Lifelink water system
The WASH programme also delivered sanitation facilities, rainwater harvesting schemes, training and more.
By 2020, the Buikwe District Local Government will receive full ownership of the systems. “The communities have to be able to run the systems themselves,” says Unnur Orradóttir Ramette, Ambassador of Iceland in Uganda. “It’s a low-cost system, more or less maintenance-free.”
How it works
First, the community tests the borehole water regularly to secure it is safe. After chlorination, the safe water is pumped into tanks by solar power. From there, gravity distributes the water through pipes to the Grundfos AQtap water ATMs. The AQtaps are located centrally in the villages.
The villagers can collect safe water for their households and small businesses at the water points at any time of day or night with pre-paid WaterCards. It costs 100 shillings for 20 litres of water – that is the equivalent of about USD 0.03/20 l.
“We wanted a solution that would be cash-free and that would ensure transparency in the running of the whole system,” says Unnur Orradóttir Ramette.
水Mission Uganda’s Country Director Tom Kisubi says that the system’s financial management increases the project’s social sustainability. “We have a cashless transaction. Even as we speak, people are able to get credit onto their water cards. People don’t have to hold cash. That increases accountability. It increases financial management, and in the end, sustainability of the whole system.”
他说,其他大+ AQtap水自动取款机is its durability. “They have withstood the test of three years in these communities,” he says. “We haven’t had any issues. I always tell people, ‘These are the iPhones of water.’”
The outcome of safe water
在Bugoba所在村AQtaps已经运行了两年多，村民Annet Kasukya说，你可以看到一个区别 - 随处可见。“村里是那么干净。我们不再看到生病的人呕吐或拉肚子。人们已经学会了如何保持清洁。为了保持清洁，”她说。
She adds that now her family can save money on medicine and clinic visits, and her children can go to school. In Bugoba, local teachers say that the number of children enrolling in school has almost doubled after the villagers got access to safe water and sanitation.
While the Iceland Embassy will do a full assessment of the project, initial figures show that safe water access in the district has grown to about 90% of the population, says Maurice Ssebisubi. “The aim is for total eradication of diarrhoea-related diseases in the villages by the end of 2019,” he says.
The district chairman, Kigongo Mathias, says he used to spend a lot of time visiting sick residents on his tours of the villages. That has changed today. He is impressed by the news from the local clinics.
“They don’t have a lot of work! And if we look at the medical drug stocks , the consumption has gone so low. That saves the government a lot of money,” he says.
大使UnnurOrradóttir拉米特（Ramette）说，可持续的范围超出这个WASH项目。“我们正在促进更健康，更好的教育，”大使说。“我们正在促进可持续发展目标 - 其中许多人，对安全和负担得起的饮水并非最不重要的可持续目标6号”。
“We want to be able to provide affordable and safe water to hundreds of millions of people on this Earth,” she says. “It takes a collective effort to reach that goal. We have found a solution that seems to be working very well.”
Bugoba village, Buikwe District, Uganda
“我们在医疗上投入了很多关于我们的孩子，甚至自己当我们生病了，” Annet Kasukya，在时间Bugoba村民格兰富系命水系统前说道。“我们不能存不下钱，可以帮助我们在我们的日常生活。”
莫里斯Ssebisubi，高级项目官员at the Iceland embassy in Uganda.
Bugoba villager Annet Kasukya uses her WaterCard (topped up with water credits) to buy 20 litres of water at a Grundfos AQtap water ATM.
Villagers fill jerrycans at one of the Grundfos AQtaps in Bugoba village.